He ejected into enemy territory at night. Plans were made before the war to replace the obsolete Mk 19 directors with two heavier Mk 33 directors, one each on the fore and aft five-inch spotting tops, but these plans were cancelled when the dual-purpose guns replaced the main armament in early 1942. About an hour later, nine Aichi D3A ("Val") dive bombers attacked the transport groups. bombs on Iraqi position in occupied Kuwait. The third deck over the ships' machinery and magazine was armored with two layers of special treatment steel (STS) totaling 2 inches (51 mm) in thickness; the steering gear was protected by two layers of STS that totaled 3 inches (76 mm) on the flat and 4.5 inches (114 mm) on the slope. USS SARATOGA was the fifth ship in the Navy to bear the name. On one occasion during the war, a missile, possibly a Scud, was launched in the general direction of the Saratoga in the Red Sea, but it was either unguided, or launched on a hunch, as it was determined early in its flight path it would miss by more than 100 nautical miles (200 km). Navy.. On 28 September 1970, President Richard M. Nixon and his party arrived on board. Saratoga's task force was delayed by the necessity to refuel its escorting destroyers on 21 December, before reaching the island. Sailing from Ceylon on 6 May, the task force attacked the oil refinery at Surabaya, Java, on 17 May after refueling at Exmouth Gulf, Australia. SARATOGA was the first ship to go through the Service Life Extension Program (SLEP) overhaul that would last 28 months. At the conclusion, three Libyan patrol boats and a radar site were destroyed by Navy aircraft. The ship was based at Havannah Harbor, Efate and Espiritu Santo from August through November. On May 22, 1991, following a Secretary of the Navy status review board that found "no credible evidence" to suggest he had survived the shootdown, his status was changed to Killed in Action/Body Not Recovered (KIA/BNR). She operated with Task Group 60.2 of the Sixth Fleet in the eastern Mediterranean during September in a "show of force" in response to the large build-up of Soviet surface units there, the hijacking of a Trans World Airlines plane to Syria and the political coup in Libya. , The Navy's Bureau of Construction and Repair was not convinced when the class was being designed that aircraft could effectively substitute as armament for a warship, especially at night or in bad weather that would prevent air operations. SARATOGA remained on station until 10 March. Miscellaneous aircraft included two Grumman JF Duck amphibians, plus one in reserve, and three active and one spare Vought O2U Corsair observation aircraft.  Captain Bogan slipped and badly injured himself on 29 March so Captain Henry M. Mullinnix assumed command on 7 April. After departing Mayport in August 1985, SARATOGA steamed toward the Mediterranean for what was scheduled to be a routine deployment. She was ordered as a "Large Aircraft Carrier", hull classification symbol CVB-60, and her contract was awarded to the New York Naval Shipyard of Brooklyn, New York on 23 July 1952. A new, 44-by-48-foot lightweight forward elevator as used in the Essex-class carriers was installed in March 1945. Grossnick, Roy A.
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