In the modern age, the Egyptians attempted to control the Aswan High Dam to have better control over the flooding of the Nile like the Aswan High Dam in 1970 which had a huge improvement over the irrigation systems and the positive overall rise of agriculture all over Egypt. The Nile is formed by three principal streams: the Blue Nile (Arabic: Al-Baḥr Al-Azraq; Amharic: Abay) and the Atbara (Arabic: Nahr ʿAṭbarah), which flow from the highlands of Ethiopia, and the White Nile (Arabic: Al-Baḥr Al-Abyad), the headstreams of which flow into Lakes Victoria and Albert. We are following the course of the Nile, the longest river in the world. tributary of the Nile River flowing from the highland rivers of Burundi to Lake Victoria and meeting the Blue Nile to form the Nile River at Khartoum, Sudan. For thousands of years, the river has provided a source of irrigation to transform the dry area around it into lush agricultural land. Waldecker pinpointed a stream that became the Kasumo River, flowing from Mount Kikizi in Burundi. As a result, the water is becoming more polluted. To fully comprehend the meaning of this saying, you have to understand all the information related to the Nile River and in this article, you will learn:-, The Nile River is the longest river in the world, which stretches for 6853 km in the northeast of Africa. p(h).iar-o "the.canal-great") come from the same ancient name. Contact Us. and lasted as a leading economic and cultural influence throughout North Africa and parts of the Levant until it was conquered by the Macedonians in 332 B.C.E. Union financed the construction of the hydroelectric Aswan High Dam. Until 1841, the Sudd blocked all attempts to trace the Nile, but in that year an Egyptian expedition did pass through the swampland. From space, the contrast between the Nile's lush green river banks and the barren desert through which it flows is obvious. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Beans, cotton, wheat, and flax were important and abundant crops that could be easily stored and traded. It flows into the Mediterranean Sea near Alexandria. The Nile Delta is one of the largest river deltas on Earth with about more than 40 million inhabitants which split into “The Damietta Branch in the East and The Rosetta Branch on the West“. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. The fact that the Nile—unlike other great rivers known to them—flowed from the south northward and was in flood at the warmest time of the year was an unsolved mystery to the ancient Egyptians and Greeks. James Bruce of Scotland found the source of the Blue Nile in 1770 and was appointed governor of Sakala by Ethiopian Emperor Tekla Haymanot II. All rights reserved. The Nile River is more than just a river but a gateway to the heavens and a means of communication between a wide variety of nations from Lake Victoria till the Arabian Desert and the Nile delta. Egypt and Sudan, however, have expressed concern that the dam will reduce the flow of Nile River waters to their countries. Its weight creates instability on local fault lines in the Earth. The Nile has always provided most of the water used to grow crops in Egypt and for anything else, since much of the rest of the country is in a desert. On the banks of the river dwelled people who were among the first to cultivate the arts of agriculture and to use the plow. The Nile River flows over 6,600 kilometers (4,100 miles) until emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. This awesome waterway is the best way to witness many more of the timeless pharaonic temples and tombs, Karnak Temples, Queen Hatshepsut Temple, Valley of the Kings, Abu Simbel Temple, and the three majestic temples of Philae, Edfu, and Kom Ombo which directly overlooks the Nile stream. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and the average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. Nile mud is black enough to have given the land itself its oldest name, Kem or Kemi, which also means “black” and signifies darkness. It begins in the rivers that flow into Lake Victoria (located in modern-day Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya), and empties into the Mediterranean Sea more than 6,600 kilometers (4,100 miles) to the north, making it one of the longest river in the world. There is no natural landmark on the world that can capture the imagination just like the Nile River. We would appreciate it if you could complete this Feedback form in order for us to improve your use of our website. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Photo: Man rides a motorcycle, with a giant fish strapped to the back. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. In brief, the Nile River is essential for people, crops, and livestock. The entire country of Egypt deserve to be explored with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen before any other such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili Bazaar, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak & Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan such as Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. You cannot download interactives. The Ethiopians had long been aware that their sacred spring was the source of the Blue Nile; a visiting Spanish priest wrote about being shown the source of the Nile in 1615. Just 30 mi (48 km) south of Khartoum, the White Nile is dammed into a reservoir by the Jabal Auliya Dam. There is plenty of debate surrounding this, however, for many believe the Amazon River in South America might be longer. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Accordingly, travel agencies in Egypt and trip planners in Egypt tend to make use of the phenomenal geographic accessibility of the Nile and its remarkable historical attraction across its banks and its proximity to make it a part of their Egypt tours packages in and around Luxor and Aswan. The soil surrounding the Nile is very fertile, unlike the arid landscape typical in the rest of the country. In the ancient Egyptian language, the Nile is called Ḥ'pī or iteru, meaning "great river", represented by the hieroglyphs shown above (literally itrw, and 'waters' determinative). Pyramids were built close to the Nile because they needed the granite stones from Aswan to be transported by barges down the Nile. As the Ancestors joined together on the Nile banks, they produced the heavenly ancient Egyptian civilization, one of the greatest civilizations in all of mankind’s history which witnessed building many temples and tombs with precious treasures and jewelry. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Over the next century, many explorers failed and some died attempting to trace the Nile. We are following the course of the Nile, the longest river in the world. Onboard the Nile cruise, travelers can do many activities, have fresh food and drinks, listen to music and dance, relax on deluxe swimming pools, and also massage sessions are available with the best service ever, so you can check our Nile cruises below and book the best suitable one for you. Sustainability Policy | Its most distant source is the Kagera River in Burundi. This idea had first been proposed by William Garstin, a British hydrologist, in the early 1900s. The water deity “Khnum“, who ruled over all forms of water like lakes & rivers in the underworld, was believed to control the amount of silt that flooded the river banks each year. The Blue Nile swells in late summer from heavy rainfall. Six sections of rapids, called cataracts, mark it; the first is at Sabaluqa, 50 mi (80 km) from Khartoum. Enter the e-mail address associated with the account. Even today, families come to gather water from the riverbank, surrounded by ruins left by ancient civilizations. It rises south of the Equator and flows northward through northeastern Africa to drain into the Mediterranean Sea. The Ancient Egyptians got papyrus from the Nile to make hieroglyphs. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients. The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a little tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. Ethiopia celebrated the first stage of the filling of the dam in August, citing heavy rains, to the dismay of Egypt. About Us. In ancient times, the primitive Egyptians settled along the banks of the Nile River where they built simple houses and cottages for accommodation, grew many crops, and domesticate some animals and since then the first steps to the immortal Egyptian glory started. The word “Nile” was derived from two words, “Neilos” a Greek word that means Valley, and the Latin word “Nilus”. The White Nile flows from Lake Victoria in Uganda, and through Sudan to Khartoum, where it is joined by the Blue Nile to form the Nile, then through Egypt. Today Egyptologists, archaeologists who focus on this ancient civilization, have learned a great deal about the rulers, artifacts, and customs of ancient Egypt. Start customizing your Egypt Tours with one of our expert tour operators who can add or change whatever you want from your tour itinerary to satisfy all of your needs. This feeds into the southern end of Lake Tana, and Great Abbai, the Blue Nile, flows south out of this lake to drop 150 ft (46 m) from a naturally occurring lava dam and form the Tisisat Falls (the name means “Smoking Waters”). At the border with Ethiopia the river's name changes again, to Bahr al-Jabal, Mountain River. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. Discover the source of the Nile with real-life visuals and animated maps. AT 4,132 mi (6,650 km) long, the Nile River is the longest river in the world. A river is a large, natural stream of flowing water. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. Home. 3 Nights Nile Cruise from Aswan Include Abu Simbel, 4 Days Dahabiya Nile Cruise Aswan to Luxor, 5 Days Dahabiya Nile Cruise Luxor to Aswan, Read More About the Best Places to Visit in Egypt. Editor of. The dam traps sediments that would be delivered to farmlands in Egypt, and silt that would replenish the Nile Delta, which is now eroding. The Nile river is subject to political interactions. The stream is considered sacred and develops into a river named Little Abbai. We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 20 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Another deity related to the Nile in Ancient Egypt mythology is “Hapy” also known as “Lord of the River Bringing Vegetation” or “Lord of the Fish and Birds of the Marshes” the deity of yearly floods of the Nile which greatly controlled the water level, symbolizing fertility. Note:- This information and every piece of content in the article or all over our website are collected by our company experts in Egyptology, so any theft of the content will be handled by our company content policy and law.
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