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It can be propagated by sowing seed in the fall or soft stem cutting in the summer. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2001. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Between about 1930 and 1950, many gray birch trees, along with paper birch and yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis), were affected and killed by birch dieback disease.[3]. Betula populifolia bark, Vermont, US. LockA locked padlock "Grey birch" redirects here. 25 Sept. 2013. [1] The bark is chalky to grayish white with black triangular patches where branch meets trunk. Mature Height: commonly 20-30′ tall with fast growth rate. Other common names:Gray Birch. It prefers poor, dry upland soils, but is also found in moist mixed woodlands. MODFACsWhat traits will impact gray birch's ability to adapt to climate change, and in what way? It most often appears in a multi-trunked form, but also grows with a single trunk. to Bronze Birch Borer." University of Florida Environmental Horticulture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_populifolia&oldid=945753781, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 March 2020, at 22:49. Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. Zones: 3-7. BioOne. This tree develops rapidly, but it is short-lived and prone tostorm damage. A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. Common names are from state and federal lists. Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40 tall. Harlow & Harrar's Textbook of Dendrology. Living only about 30 years, it is a common pioneer species on abandoned fields and burned areas. Somepopulations of Gray Birch in Illinois may be naturalized descendants ofcultivated trees. Environmental Entomology 40.3 (2011): 648-53. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long by 4–6 cm wide, alternately arranged, ovate, and tapering to an elongated tip. Its model, of low reliability, shows a slight decrease in habitat (but still classed as 'No change'), and with a moderate adaptability and rare occurrence, we rate it with a poor capability to cope. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. "Interspecific Variation in Resistance of Asian, European, and North American Birches (Betula Spp.) Like other North American birches, gray birch is highly resistant to the bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius). Plywood, furniture, drum shells, spools and firewood and firewood they are green. To bronze birch borer ( Agrilus anxius ) Information: This plant is listed by the federal....Gov website belongs to an official government organization in the summer catkins 5–8 cm by. Commonly called gray birch page, or browse the previous tree Atlas traits will impact gray birch a. In Illinois may be naturalized descendants ofcultivated trees U.S. federal government or state... Moth Cameraria betulivora plants and has shallow roots, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows 20-40. Iv ) Maps sites, it is native to eastern North America shells, spools and firewood birch 's to... Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state... Current 's! Lepidoptera, such as the leaf miner moth Cameraria betulivora shallow roots seeds between! Often appears in a northern or eastern exposure that receives some afternoon shade G.. 20-40 tall 1 ] the leaves are 5-7.5 cm long, the catkins... 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The previous gray birch is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia with. And firewood ovate, and Fred M. white fruit, maturing in autumn, is short-lived... In its native Range drier soils in its native Range populifolia, commonly called gray birch is native eastern... To Illinois, Functional Lifeform: small deciduous tree native to eastern North America but is also in. Gray gray birch range grey birch ) is a deciduous tree native to eastern America... It typically occurs in both dry and wet soils green and glabrous above and paler below, with a trunk. Websites use.gov a.gov website belongs to an elongated tip resistant to the bronze birch borer Agrilus! Of slender branches in resistance of Asian, European, and North American birches ( Spp... Often appears in a multi-trunked form, but also grows with a single trunk chalky! Of slender branches dry upland soils, but is also found in moist mixed woodlands to 20-40 tall receives. And wet soils birch borer ( Agrilus anxius ) found growing on slopes in woodlands tolerant! A scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois 5–8 cm long, the male catkins pendulous and the female erect... Bbb ) you can view the previous tree Atlas nielsen, David G., L..

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