A country with a supply of a rare resource can use autarky for political clout by keeping supplies of that resource out of other countries. Today, national economic autarkies are relatively rare. Many of these communes later became trading powers such as the Hanseatic League. During the Late Roman Empire, some rebellions and communities pursued autarky as a reaction both to upheaval and to counter imperial power. Autauga Elmore Mental Retardation Board, Inc. AUTEC Real-Time Graphic Online Support System. In 1921, Italian Fascists attacked existing left-wing autarkic projects at the behest of large landowners, destroying roughly 119 labor chambers, 107 cooperatives and 83 peasant offices that year alone. The word autarky is from the Greek: αὐτάρκεια, which means "self-sufficiency" (derived from αὐτο-, "self", and ἀρκέω, "to suffice"). The movement has aimed to secure land and build self-sufficient cooperatives and workplaces "to democratically transform the political economy of the city" and push back against gentrification. After World War II, Autonomist efforts in Europe embraced local autarkic projects in an effort to craft anti-authoritarian left-wing spaces, especially influencing the social center and squatters' rights movements. Autarky has its usage in a non-economic sense too. Some fascist and far-right movements occasionally espoused autarky as a goal in propaganda but in practice crushed existing movements towards self-sufficiency and established extensive capital connections to serve as a basis for war and genocide while allying with traditional business elites. Mutual aid societies like the Grange and Sovereigns of Industry attempted to set up self-sufficient economies (with varying degrees of success) in an effort to be less dependent on what they saw as an exploitative economic system and to generate more power to push for reforms. The self-sufficient communities and societies ended by colonialism were later cited as a useful example by African anarchists in the late 20th century. There's also considerable debate about how autarkic cultures that resisted the spread of early capitalism were. But communist factions responded by cracking down on these cooperatives in an attempt to place economic control back in the hands of the central government. That is, a country has autarky when it does not need to engage in any sort of international trade. It allows a country economic independence from foreign countries, essentially. Autarky may be a policy of a state or other entity when it seeks to be self-sufficient as a whole, but also can be limited to a narrow field such as possession of a key raw material. At times it is used in military reference wherein a country might take no help from any other country in its defense. During the Spanish Civil War, the anarcho-syndicalist CNT and the socialist UGT had created economic cooperatives in the Levante that they claimed were "managing the economic life of the region independent of the government." The Micropolis social centre in Greece, for example, has gyms, restaurants, bars, meeting space and free distribution of food and resources. Such efforts remain a common feature of Autonomist and anarchist movements on the continent today. 5. B) does not trade with other countries. Autarky is a key part of the Communalist ideas of Murray Bookchin, who wrote that in a more liberated future "every community would approximate local or regional autarky" and referenced autarkeia as an essential part of the history of leftist efforts for local liberation.
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